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City of Sacramento

  •   State: 
    Sacramento County
      County FIPS: 
    38°34′54″N 121°29′40″W
      Area total: 
    99.77 sq mi
      Area land: 
    97.68 sq mi (253.00 km²)
      Area water: 
    2.09 sq mi (5.41 km²)
    26 ft (8 m)
    1850; Incorporated February 27, 1850 Chartered 1920
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Sacramento-Roseville-Folsom, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    5,374.11 residents per square mile of area (2,074.87/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat and largest city of Sacramento County. It is located at the confluence of the Sacramento and American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley. The area was inhabited by the historic Nisenan, Maidu, and other indigenous peoples of California. In 1839, Mexican governor of Alta California granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California, owing to its status as a notable political center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of California State University, Sacramento and University of California, Davis. In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine ranked Sacramento as "America's Most Diverse City" It is known for its evolving contemporary culture, and is dubbed the most "hipster city" in California. Sacramento International Airport, located northwest of the city, is the city's major airport. It features the California State Capitol Museum, the California Museum, Crocker Art Museum, California State Railroad Museum, and Old Sacramento State Historic Park. The city is also the cultural and economic core of the Greater Sacramento area, which at the 2020 census had a population of 2,680,831, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in California and sixth-largest city in the United States.


Sacramento is the primary city name, but also Carmichael are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Sacramento. Native Americans lived in the area for perhaps thousands of years. In 1808, the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga encountered and named the Sacramento Valley and the Sacramento River. The valley and the river were then christened after the "Most Holy Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Christ," referring to the Catholic sacrament of the Eucharist. John Sutter, Sr. established Sutter's Fort, a massive adobe structure with walls 18 feet (5.5 m) high and three feet (0.91 m) thick in 1839. Sutter Sr. called his colony New Helvetia, a Swiss-inspired name, and was the political authority and dispenser of justice in the new settlement. The city was incorporated on February 27, 1850, after a flood devastated the city. The first levee was completed in early 1852 (the city became known as The Levee), but it was breeched during the first major storm of the season and almost completely destroyed by the next year. The current name of the city was adopted by the state legislature in 1849, which recognized it as the oldest incorporated city in California. The town of Sacramento, California, was founded in 1852 by John H. Warner, a U.S. Army Captain, and later became the city's second largest employer. It is now the largest city in the state, with a population of more than 1.5 million people. The City of Sacramento is located in the northern part of the San Francisco Bay Area.


The city has more trees per capita than anywhere else in the world. It was the first US city to be designated a City of Trees by the Arbor Day Foundation in 1978. It is at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River, and has a deep-water port connected to the San Francisco Bay by a channel through the SacramentoSan Joaquin River Delta. A prominent water tower bore the slogan "City of Trees" until 2017, when it was repainted with the words "Americas Farm-to-Fork Capital" After 4,000 citizens signed a petition protesting the change, officials agreed to include both slogans on the water tower. The city groups most of its neighborhoods into four areas: Alkali Flat, Boulevard Park, Campus Commons, Sacramento State, Dos Rios Triangle, East Sacramento, Northgate, Terrace and Woodbine. Other prominent neighborhoods in the city include American River Parkway, West Gateway, Gateway Ranch, and West Valley Park. Sacramento is the greenest city of 15 studied in the US, and third globally, after Vancouver and Singapore. The main species the London plane is being introduced to increase diversity and to help cope with the effects of climate change on vegetation in the future. In the early 21st century, the tree cover is well above that of the average tree cover of other major cities in the U.S. and the rest of the world, with the main species being planted in order to dry out swampland.


The Chinese are the largest Asian ethnic group in Sacramento, followed by Filipino, Indian, Vietnamese and Hmong. 22.6% of Sacramento's population is of Mexican heritage. Non-Hispanic Whites were 34.5% of the population in 2010, down from 71.4% in 1970. Sacramento has one of the highest LGBT populations per capita, ranking seventh among major American cities, and third in California behind San Francisco and Oakland. Lavender Heights is the hub for LGBTQ activities in the city and is a centrally located district in Midtown Sacramento centered within and around K & 20th streets. The 2010 United States Census reported Sacramento had a population of 466,488. There were 190,911 housing units at an average density of 1,907.1 per square mile (736.3/km²), of which 86,271 (49.4%) were owner-occupied, and 88,353 (50.6%) were occupied by renters. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.8%; the rental vacancy ratewas 8.3%. 231,593 people (49,6%) lived in owner- occupied housing units and 226,581 people (48.6) lived in rental housing units. The average household size is 2.62; there were 103,730 families (59.4%), the average family size was 3.37; and the median age was 33.0 years.


The Sacramento metropolitan area is the fifth largest in California after the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the San Francisco Bay Area, the Inland Empire, and the San Diego metropolitan area. Sutter Health, Blue Diamond Growers, Aerojet Rocketdyne, Teichert, and The McClatchy Company are among the companies based in Sacramento. The Port of Sacramento has been plagued with operating losses in recent years and faces bankruptcy. As of 2006, the city of West Sacramento took responsibility for the Port ofSacramento. During the Vietnam War era, thePort of Sacramento was the major terminus in the supply route for all military parts, hardware and other cargo going to Southeast Asia. The top employers in the County of Sacramento were: The Sacramento Kings, Sacramento Raiders, Sacramento Kings FC, and Sacramento Kings High School. The city of Sacramento is the 27th largest in the U.S. and has a population of 1.2 million. The Sacramento metropolitan region is the 5th largest area in California. The area is home to the University of California, San Francisco, Sacramento State, Sacramento City College, Sacramento University and Sacramento State University. It is also home to Sacramento High School, Sacramento College and Sacramento College of Arts and Sciences. It also has a high percentage of women in the workforce, with more than 50% of the female population in the Sacramento area. The average age of a Sacramento resident is 44.5 years old, and it has a median household income of $50,000.


Crocker Art Museum is the oldest public art museum west of the Mississippi River. The Sacramento History Museum focuses on the history of Sacramento from the region's pre-Gold Rush history through the present day. McClellan Air Force Base is home to the Aerospace Museum of California where more than 40 civilian and military aircraft and 50 historical jet engines are displayed to the public. There is a Museum Day held in Sacramento every year, when 26 museums in the greater Sacramento area offer free admission. The H Street Theatre Complex consists of the Wells Fargo Pavilion, built in 2003 atop the old Music Circus tent foundations, the McClatchy Mainstage and the Pollock Stage. The newest venue in the city is the Sophia Tsakopoulos Center for the Arts, consisting of the 365-seat Sutter Theatre for Children and the Mainstage, seating 250. Broadway Sacramento and its locally produced summer stock theatre, Broadway at Music Circus, lures many directors, performers, and artists from New York and Los Angeles to work alongside a large local staff. During the fall, winter and spring seasons Broadway Sacramento brings bus and truck tours to the SAFE Credit Union Performing Arts Center. In 2021, the Museum of Science and Curiosity (MOSAC) will open in the restored historic power station building of Matsui Waterfront Park. The B Street Theatre continues its pursuit of producing more intimate professional works for families and children along along the J-Street corridor in Crescenzo, California. In 2010, the Sacramento Theatre Company prepares to celebrate its 75th season, beginning in the Fall of 2019.


Sacramento is home to one major league sports team, the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association. The Sacramento State Hornets of the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) play at Hornet Stadium. AAA minor league baseball returned to Sacramento with the Sacramento River Cats, an affiliate of the San Francisco Giants. The California International Marathon (est. 1983) attracts a field of international elite runners who vie for a share of the $50,000 prize purse. The fast course is popular for runners seeking to achieve a Boston Marathon qualifying time and fitness runners. Sacramento Republic FC began play in April 2014 at Hughes Stadium before a sellout crowd of 20,231, setting a USL Pro regular-season single game attendance record. In October 2019, Republic FC's Major League Soccer expansion bid was approved; the team was expected to begin MLS play in the 2022 season, until being delayed by COVID-19 to the 2023 season. However, as of February 26, 2021, the bid is on indefinite hiatus. Sacramento was also formerly home to the now defunct Sacramento Monarchs of the WNBA. The Monarchs were one of the eight founding members of the. WNBA in 1997 and won the W NBA Championship in 2005, but folded in November 2009. Sacramento Heatwave of the American Basketball Association previously played in the Sacramento area until 2013. The Kings came to Sacramento from Kansas City in 1985, and the Heatwave played in California until 2013, when they moved to Los Angeles.

Parks and recreation

Sacramento boasts an extensive park system consisting of over 5,000 acres (2,023 ha) of parkland and recreation centers. The city features a collection of smaller parks in the downtown district, including Crocker Park, Roosevelt Park, Fremont Park, and Southside Park. Popular parks outside the central core include American River Parkway which spans 23 miles along the American River, William McKinley Park and Memorial Rose Garden, and William Land Park. The Sacramento Zoo spans 14.3 acres (5.8 ha) and is home to more than 400 native and endangered animals around the world. The California State Fair is held in Sacramento each year at the end of the summer, ending on Labor Day. Sacramento claims many prominent Olympians such as Mark Spitz, Debbie Meyer (6 time gold medalist in for US swimming), Mike Burton, Summer Sanders, and Jeff Float (all swimming), and Billy Mills (track). Coach Sherm Chavoor founded his world-famous Arden Hills Swim Club just east of the city and trained Burton, Spitz and others. In 2010, the State Fair moved to July. More than one million people attended this fair in 2001. Since 1991, Sacramento's #1 Cards Room Capitol Casino has been open in downtown Sacramento. Other notable casinos in the area include Thunder Valley Casino Resort, Cache Creek Casino Resort and Red Hawk Casino Resort. In addition, Sacramento is a 2 hour drive from nearby Reno, providing residents and tourists with several options for gambling.


The Government of Sacramento operates as a charter city (as opposed to a general law city) under the Charter of the City of Sacramento. The elected government is composed of the Sacramento City Council with 8 city council districts and the Mayor of Sacramento, which operate under a mayor-council government. As the capital city of California, Sacramento is home to the government of California. The California State Capitol is the seat of the governor of California and the California State Legislature. The Supreme Court of California is headquartered in San Francisco, but maintains one of its two branch offices in Sacramento. In the U.S. House of Representatives, Sacramento forms the majority of the California's 6th congressional district, represented by Democrat Doris Matsui. Sacramento is the heart of the 6th district in the California state Senate. The city is the county seat of Sacramento County, which is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, and the charter of the County of Sacramento The city of Sacramento is also home to numerous state agencies, such as the Sacramento Police Department (SPD) and the Sacramento Fire Department (SFD) The City Manager, City Clerk, City Attorney, and City Treasurer are all appointed by the City Council. The mayor is Darrell Steinberg and the council members are Angelique Ashby, Allen Warren, Jeff Harris, Steve Hansen, Jay Schenirer, Rich Jennings, and Larry Carr. As of 2016, the city is part of California's Sacramento County, and it is split between the 7th and 9th Assembly districts.


Sacramento is home to Sacramento State (California State University, Sacramento), founded as Sacramento State College in 1947. In 2004, enrollment was 22,555 undergraduates and 5,417 graduate students in the university's eight colleges. The university's mascot is the hornet, and the school colors are green and gold. The University of California has a campus, UC Davis, in nearby Davis and has a graduate center in downtown Sacramento. At the graduate level, Master's programs are offered in: Information Security and Assurance, Information Systems, Organization Development, Project Management, Public Administration, Nonprofit Administration, and Counseling. The Los Rios Community College District consists of several two-year colleges in the Sacramento areaAmerican River College, Cosumnes River College, Sacramento City College, Folsom Lake College. Sierra College is on the outskirts of Sacramento in Rocklin. University of San Francisco has one of its four regional campuses in Sacramento, which opened on the campus of Arcade Church in 1991. Western is an evangelical, Christian graduate school that provides theological training for students who hope to serve in a variety of ministry roles including pastors, marriage and family therapists, educators, missionaries and lay leadership. On J Street, there is the Lincoln Law School of Sacramento, a private, evening-only law school program with a strong legal presence in the region. The Sacramento Public Library system has 28 branches in the greater Sacramento area, including the Sacramento City Unified School District, Natomas School District and Grove School District.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Sacramento, Sacramento County, California = 1.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Sacramento = 5.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 524,943 individuals with a median age of 34.2 age the population grows by 16.91% in Sacramento, Sacramento County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 5,374.11 residents per square mile of area (2,074.87/km²). There are average 2.61 people per household in the 178,244 households with an average household income of $48,306 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 14.70% of the available work force and has dropped -5.76% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 13.78%. The number of physicians in Sacramento per 100,000 population = 209.8.


The annual rainfall in Sacramento = 17.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 57. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 269. 93 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 37.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 53, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Sacramento, Sacramento County, California which are owned by the occupant = 48.97%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 34 years with median home cost = $192,950 and home appreciation of -15.24%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $8.16 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,331 per student. There are 20.4 students for each teacher in the school, 4601 students for each Librarian and 1046 students for each Counselor. 7.89% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 15.50% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.74% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Sacramento's population in Sacramento County, California of 29,282 residents in 1900 has increased 17,93-fold to 524,943 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.24% female residents and 48.76% male residents live in Sacramento, Sacramento County, California.

    As of 2020 in Sacramento, Sacramento County, California are married and the remaining 50.52% are single population.

  • 25.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Sacramento require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    71.46% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 16.44% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 4.29% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.78% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Sacramento, Sacramento County, California, 48.97% are owner-occupied homes, another 43.27% are rented apartments, and the remaining 7.76% are vacant.

  • The 36.08% of the population in Sacramento, Sacramento County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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